Risk perception and precautions taken by health care workers for HIV infection in haemodialysis units in Egypt

I A Kabbash, N M El-Sayed, A N Al-Nawawy, M El-S Abou Salem, B El-Deek, N M Hassan
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 2007, 13 (2): 392-407
A cross-sectional study was made in 32 haemodialysis units in the the Nile delta, Egypt to evaluate knowledge and practices towards risk of HIV infection by 317 health care workers. Exposure to needle-stick injury was reported by 48.6% in the previous year. Significantly more workers in government units than in private units had good knowledge of bloodborne infections, universal blood precautions and safe disposal of contaminated items, and recognized asymptomatic HIV patients as a risk. Previous training, but not years of experience, influenced knowledge. Despite good knowledge, the performance of health workers was poor for universal blood precautions, and was worse in private haemodialysis units.

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