Laparoscopic Ladd procedure: a minimally invasive approach to malrotation without midgut volvulus

John M Draus, David S Foley, Sheldon J Bond
American Surgeon 2007, 73 (7): 693-6
The management of intestinal malrotation without midgut volvulus is controversial. Some advocate the Ladd procedure in all patients with malrotation, whereas others propose a more selective approach. We attempted the laparoscopic Ladd procedure on nine patients who were diagnosed with intestinal malrotation without volvulus. Patient records were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected on patient presentation, operative procedure, hospital course, and outcome. The laparoscopic Ladd procedure was successfully completed in eight patients (aged 10 weeks to 25 years). One patient required conversion to an open procedure. Operative time averaged 111 minutes (range, 77-176 minutes). Hospital stay ranged from 3 to 5 days (average, 3.6 days). All patients were discharged home on a regular diet. There was one complication and no deaths. Eight patients had complete resolution of their symptoms. The laparoscopic Ladd procedure is a safe and effective procedure for infants, children, and adults who have intestinal malrotation without midgut volvulus. The operative times, hospital stay, and clinical outcomes were acceptable. We recommend that laparoscopic intervention be considered in patients with intestinal malrotation without volvulus. Intestinal malrotation occurs along a wide spectrum of anatomic variants and clinical presentations. The management of malrotation without midgut volvulus remains controversial. Most advocate performing the Ladd procedure on all patients found to have malrotation because there is no way to know which of these patients will develop catastrophic midgut volvulus. Some propose a more selective approach because of the morbidity associated with operative intervention. There have been a number of small series and case reports describing the use of laparoscopy to diagnose and correct malrotation. Proponents of this method point out its minimally invasiveness, patients' quick recoveries, and successful outcomes. We describe our experience with the laparoscopic Ladd procedure and its long-term results.

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