Midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide is a useful indicator for the detection of impaired left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery disease

Elif Elmas, Martina Brueckmann, Siegfried Lang, Thorsten Kälsch, Dariush Haghi, Tim Sueselbeck, Carl Erik Dempfle, Martin Borggrefe
International Journal of Cardiology 2008 August 18, 128 (2): 244-9

AIMS: We compared the diagnostic performance of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with a newly developed assay for the midregional part of pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) concerning the detection of impaired left ventricular ejection function (LVEF) among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma levels of MR-proANP and NT-proBNP were determined in 102 consecutive patients with a history of ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Plasma levels of both markers were measured during a mean follow-up period of 687 days after acute myocardial infarction. Univariate analyses revealed inverse correlations between MR-proANP levels and LVEF (r=-0.39; p<0.001), NT-proBNP levels and LVEF (r=-0.39; p<0.001) and a positive correlation between MR-proANP and NT-proBNP (r=0.75; p<0.001). After adjustment for traditional risk factors, MR-proANP was the strongest predictor for LVEF (p=0.001) in multivariate analysis, being even superior to NT-proBNP. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) indicated moderate performance (AUC=0.73; p<0.01) of MR-proANP regarding the detection of a reduced LVEF<50%. The AUC of NT-proBNP for detection of impaired LVEF<50% was 0.68 (p=0.019). The negative predictive values of both markers were 86% for MR-proANP at a cut-off >135 pmol/L and NT-proBNP at a cut-off >560 pmol/L. At these cut-offs, the specificity of MR-proANP was 90%, and the specificity of NT-proBNP was 84%.

CONCLUSIONS: MR-proANP is a useful indicator for the exclusion of a preserved left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery disease. The study demonstrates that the diagnostic performance of MR-proANP is comparable to the "gold standard" NT-proBNP.

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