Electrochemical measurement of DNA hybridization using nanosilver as label and horseradish peroxidase as enhancer

Xiao-Hong Fu
Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 2008, 31 (2): 69-73
A simple and sensitive electrochemical DNA biosensor based on in situ DNA amplification with nanosilver as label and horseradish peroxide (HRP) as enhancer has been designed. The thiolated oligomer single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) was initially directly immobilized on a gold electrode, and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) gave the specific amount of ssDNA adsorption of 6.3 +/- 0.1 ng/cm(2). With a competitive format, hybridization reaction was carried out via immersing the DNA biosensor into a stirred hybridization solution containing different concentrations of the complementary ssDNA and constant concentration of nanosilver-labeled ssDNA, and then further binding with HRP. The adsorbed HRP amount on the probe surface decreased with the increment of the target ssDNA in the sample. The hybridization events were monitored by using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) with the adsorbed HRP toward the reduction of H(2)O(2). The reduction current from the enzyme-generated product was related to the number of target ssDNA molecules in the sample. A detection of 15 pmol/L for target ssDNA was obtained with the electrochemical DNA biosensor. Additionally, the developed approach can effectively discriminate complementary from non-complementary DNA sequence, suggesting that the similar enzyme-labeled DNA assay method hold great promises for sensitive electrochemical biosensor applications.

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