OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Thromboprophylaxis rates in US medical centers: success or failure?

A Amin, S Stemkowski, J Lin, G Yang
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH 2007, 5 (8): 1610-6
17663733

BACKGROUND: As hospitalized medical patients may be at risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), evidence-based guidelines are available to help physicians assess patients' risk for VTE, and to recommend prophylaxis options. The rate of appropriate thromboprophylaxis use in at-risk medical inpatients was assessed in accordance with the 6th American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) guidelines.

METHODS: Hospital discharge information from the Premier Perspective(trade mark) inpatient data base from January 2002 to September 2005 was used. Included patients were 40 years old or more, with a length of hospital stay of 6 days or more, and had no contraindications for anticoagulation. The appropriateness of VTE thromboprophylaxis was determined in seven groups with acute medical conditions by comparing the daily thromboprophylaxis usage, including type of thromboprophylaxis, dosage of anticoagulant and duration of thromboprophylaxis, with the ACCP recommendations.

RESULTS: A total of 196 104 discharges from 227 hospitals met the inclusion criteria. The overall VTE thromboprophylaxis rate was 61.8%, although the appropriate thromboprophylaxis rate was only 33.9%. Of the 66.1% discharged patients who did not receive appropriate thromboprophylaxis, 38.4% received no prophylaxis, 4.7% received mechanical prophylaxis only, 6.3% received an inappropriate dosage, and 16.7% received an inappropriate prophylaxis duration based on ACCP recommendations.

CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the low rates of appropriate thromboprophylaxis in US acute-care hospitals, with two-thirds of discharged patients not receiving prophylaxis in accordance with the 6th ACCP guidelines. More effort is required to improve the use of appropriate thromboprophylaxis in accordance with the ACCP recommendations.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17663733
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"