Phospholipase Cgamma1 signalling regulates lipopolysaccharide-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression in cardiomyocytes

E Shen, Jue Fan, Ruizhen Chen, Siu-Pok Yee, Tianqing Peng
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 2007, 43 (3): 308-18
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in cardiomyocytes, which plays a role in myocardial depression during endotoxemia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of phosphatidylinositol (PI)-phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1) in cardiac COX-2 expression in vitro and in vivo. In cultured mouse neonatal cardiomyocytes, LPS increased PLCgamma1 phosphorylation and COX-2 expression. Knockdown of PLCgamma1 with specific siRNA or inhibition of PI-PLC with U73122 attenuated COX-2 mRNA and protein expression induced by LPS (1 microg/ml). PLCgamma1 activation by LPS also increased ERK1/2 MAPK phosphorylation, and inhibition of ERK1/2 MAPK blocked the effect of PLCgamma1 on COX-2 expression. Furthermore, activation of PLCgamma1 is a consequence of the Src family activation since inhibition of Src abrogated whereas over-expression of Src enhanced PLCgamma1 phosphorylation and COX-2 expression in LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes. To investigate the role of PLCgamma1 in endotoxemia, wild-type and PLCgamma1(+/-) adult mice were pre-treated with U73122, or its inactive analog, U73343 (9 mg/kg, i.p.), or vehicle for 15 min followed by LPS (4 mg/kg, i.p.) for 4 h. U73122 or heterozygous deletion of PLCgamma1 decreased cardiac COX-2 expression. The phosphorylation of ERK1/2 MAPK induced by LPS was also attenuated in U73122- or PLCgamma1(+/-) compared to U73343-treated or wild-type littermate hearts, respectively. In conclusion, our study suggests that PLCgamma1 signalling represents a novel pathway regulating cardiac COX-2 expression during LPS stimulation. The Src family is responsible for PLCgamma1 activation, which signals the ERK1/2 MAPK pathway, resulting in COX-2 production in LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"