Dexamethasone suppresses interleukin-1beta-induced human beta-defensin 2 mRNA expression: involvement of p38 MAPK, JNK, MKP-1, and NF-kappaB transcriptional factor in A549 cells

Byeong-Churl Jang, Ki-Jo Lim, Min-Ho Suh, Jong-Gu Park, Seong-Il Suh
FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 2007, 51 (1): 171-84
Human beta-defensin (HBD)-2 is an inducible antimicrobial peptide that plays an important role in innate immunity. Glucocorticoids, on the other hand, exert immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory actions. We have previously reported that interleukin (IL)-1beta induces HBD-2 mRNA expression through the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcriptional factor, as well as p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), or phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/AKT in A549 cells. In this study, we further investigated whether dexamethasone (Dex) controls IL-1beta-induced HBD-2 mRNA expression in A549 cells and the molecular mechanism associated with it. Dex suppressed IL-1beta-induced HBD-2 mRNA expression, which is mediated by a glucocorticoid receptor, at the transcriptional level. Interestingly, Dex attenuated IL-1beta-mediated activation of p38 MAPK and JNK, but not of AKT. Dex increased the expression of MAPK phosphatase (MKP)-1, which dephosphorylated p38 MAPK, but not JNK, by IL-1beta. However, although Dex did not inhibit the nuclear translocation of p65 NF-kappaB in response to IL-1beta, it profoundly inhibited NF-kappaB promoter- and HBD-2 promoter-driven luciferase activities. These results suggest that Dex acts to inhibit IL-1beta-induced HBD-2 mRNA expression through blockage of the nuclear transcriptional activation of p65 NF-kappaB as well as through inactivation of p38 MAPK and JNK. Specifically, Dex-induced MKP-1 expression is responsible for the inactivation of p38 MAPK, but not JNK, in response to IL-1beta in A549 cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"