Smad4-independent, PP2A-dependent apoptotic effect of exogenous transforming growth factor beta 1 in lymphoma cells

Anna Sebestyén, Melinda Hajdu, Lilla Kis, Gábor Barna, László Kopper
Experimental Cell Research 2007 September 10, 313 (15): 3167-74
B-lymphoid tumor cells are often less sensitive than their normal counterparts or insensitive to transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFb) effects. We studied the apoptotic effect of exogenous TGFb in B-lymphoma cells, focusing on the activity and the role of Smad and protein phosphatase/kinase signals. Recombinant TGFb treatment and Smad4 siRNA transfection were used in HT58 B-NHL lymphoma cells in vitro. Gene expression and apoptosis were detected by RT-PCR, Western blot analysis and flow cytometry. The role of MEK1 kinase and PP2A activity--measured with a phosphatase assay--were assessed with the help of specific inhibitors. Smad4 siRNA treatment completely abolished TGFb-induced early gene upregulation, indicating the absence of the rapid activation of Smad signaling. Moreover, functional inhibition of Smad4 had no influence on TGFb-induced apoptosis, but it was dependent on PP2A phosphatase activation, ERK1/2 and JNK inactivation in lymphoma cells. The results prove that exogenous TGFb uses Smad4-independent, alternative (PP2A/PP2A-like dependent) signaling pathways for apoptosis induction in lymphoma cells. Further studies are needed to clarify the possible role and involvement of Smad4-independent effects of TGFb in normal and malignant lymphoid cells and in cells of the tumor microenvironment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"