JOURNAL ARTICLE

Argonaute-2-dependent rescue of a Drosophila model of FXTAS by FRAXE premutation repeat

Oyinkan A Sofola, Peng Jin, Juan Botas, David L Nelson
Human Molecular Genetics 2007 October 1, 16 (19): 2326-32
17635840
Fragile X Syndrome is the most common form of hereditary mental retardation. It is caused by a large expansion of the CGG trinucleotide repeat (>200 repeats) in the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of the FMR1 gene that leads to silencing of its transcript. Individuals with CGG repeat expansions approximately between 60 and 200 are referred to as premutation carriers. Fragile X-associated tremor and ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), an RNA-mediated neurodegenerative disease has been described in up to 50% of males carrying premutation alleles. FRAXE, the most common form of non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation, is caused by expansion of a CCG trinucleotide repeat (>200) in the 5'-UTR of the FMR2 gene. While the FRAXE premutation length repeat is observed in the general population, there has not yet been a report of a neurodegenerative phenotype associated with these alleles. In this study, we show that the CCG premutation length repeat leads to an RNA-mediated neurodegenerative phenotype in a Drosophila model. Furthermore, we show that co-expression of both the CCG and CGG-containing RNAs suppresses their independent toxicity and is dependent on the RNAi pathway. These data support the concept that RNA toxicity is the mechanism of neuronal toxicity and suggests potential reversal of RNA-mediated phenotypes with complementary RNA molecules.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17635840
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"