Pre-treatment, baseline, and outcome differences between early-onset and adult-onset psychosis in an epidemiological cohort of 636 first-episode patients

Benno G Schimmelmann, Philippe Conus, Sue Cotton, Patrick D McGorry, Martin Lambert
Schizophrenia Research 2007, 95 (1-3): 1-8

OBJECTIVES: To assess pre-treatment, baseline, and outcome differences of patients with early- (onset<age 18) and adult-onset (onset>or=age 18) psychosis in an epidemiological cohort of first-episode patients.

METHODS: The Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre (EPPIC) in Australia admitted 786 FEP patients from January 1998 to December 2000. Data were collected from patients' files using a standardized questionnaire. Seven hundred four files were available, 61 of which were excluded owing to non-psychotic diagnoses or a psychotic disorder due to a general medical condition and 7 owing to missing data on age at onset. 636 patients were analyzed.

RESULTS: The mean age at onset was 21.3 years (SD 3.6); the prevalence of early-onset psychosis was 18.6% (onset range 8.2-17.9). Patients with early-onset were likely to have a slightly, but significantly worse premorbid functioning and a significantly longer duration of untreated psychosis (Median 26.3 weeks) compared to patients with adult-onset (Median 8.7 weeks; p<.001). After controlling for relevant confounders, no significant outcome differences including CGI-S, GAF, remission of positive symptoms, or employment status were detected between early- and adult-onset psychoses.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with early-onset psychosis may require a different approach to early detection. Outcome differences between early- and adult-onset were minor, but need to be replicated in future (long-term) prospective epidemiological studies in other services.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"