The role of terlipressin in pediatric septic shock: a review of the literature and personal experience

P Papoff, M Mancuso, C S Barbara, C Moretti
International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology 2007, 20 (2): 213-21
Vasopressin and its synthetic analog terlipressin are potent vasopressors that could be useful in vasodilatory septic shock. In septic adults, vasopressin-terlipressin have been shown to increase mean arterial pressure and to decrease the necessity for catecholamines. Moreover, low doses of vasopressin, or terlipressin, increase urine output and ameliorate oxygenation. Although pediatric septic shock is more often hypodynamic, both vasopressin and terlipressin have proved to be effective in restoring blood pressure or increasing the diuresis in this setting. The purpose of this review is to summarize the physiology of vasopressin and to report the available evidence for the use of vasopressin or terlipressin in pediatric septic shock in order to make best use in this population. We also report our experience with the continuous infusion of terlipressin in two pediatric patients who developed catecholamine refractory septic shock.

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