Segmental disorders of the nephron: histopathological and imaging perspective

S R Prasad, V R Narra, R Shah, P A Humphrey, J Jagirdar, J R Catena, N C Dalrymple, C L Siegel
British Journal of Radiology 2007, 80 (956): 593-602
Recent advances in molecular genetics and immunocytochemistry have clarified the cell of origin in many renal disorders. Several renal disorders are thought to involve specific segments of the nephron. Renin-secreting tumours arise from juxtaglomerular cells. Clear cell and papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) recapitulate the epithelium of the proximal tubules. Oncocytoma and chromophobe RCC differentiate towards Type A and Type B intercalated cells of the cortical collecting duct, respectively. Medullary collecting ducts are the target sites for the development of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, collecting duct carcinoma and medullary carcinoma. Renal papillae are susceptible to unique changes such as necrosis or papillitis. The purpose of our article is threefold: to illustrate the imaging findings of renal disorders that show segmental involvement of the nephron, to describe proximal and distal nephron disorders and to correlate imaging findings of some entities with histopathological features.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.