Emigration from the British Isles to southeastern Spain: a study of attitudes toward organ donation

A Ríos, P Cascales, L Martínez, J Sánchez, N Jarvis, P Parrilla, P Ramírez
American Journal of Transplantation 2007, 7 (8): 2020-30
Southeastern Spain is a cosmopolitan area where there is a growing British and Irish population. The objective is to analyze the attitude toward organ donation among British and Irish citizens living in southeastern Spain. A sample was taken stratified according to a respondent's country of origin (n = 1700) between November 2005 and April 2006. Attitude was evaluated using a validated questionnaire, which was self-administered and completed anonymously. A sample of 2000 Spanish citizens was used as a control group. The survey completion rate was 95% (n = 1611). Attitude toward donation is favorable in 72% (n = 1155) of respondents with 8% (n = 122) against and 20% (n = 334) undecided. Attitude is more favorable than in the control group (72% vs. 63%; p < 0.0001). The following factors influence this attitude: (1) attitude toward the donation of a family member's organs (OR = 4.891); (2) having discussed the matter of organ donation within the family (OR = 2.513); (3) a willingness to accept an autopsy if it were necessary (OR = 1.706); (4) having no concern about the mutilation of the deceased donor (OR = 3.294); (5) having a partner who is in favor of donation (OR = 2.786) and (6) a respondent's belief that he or she might need a transplant in the future (OR = 2.243). The attitude of this population is more positive than in the native Spanish population and is determined by many psychosocial factors.

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