Emergence of multidrug-resistant clones of Salmonella Infantis in broiler chickens and humans in Hungary

Noémi Nógrády, Akos Tóth, Agnes Kostyák, Judit Pászti, Béla Nagy
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2007, 60 (3): 645-8

OBJECTIVES: The characterization of a Salmonella Infantis strain collection that was set up from isolates of animal and human origin obtained in Hungary in recent years.

METHODS: All isolates were phage typed. Antimicrobial resistance was tested by the disc diffusion method, while the presence of the antimicrobial resistance genes and class 1 integrons was investigated by PCR. Genetic relatedness of the isolates was tested by PFGE and plasmid profiling.

RESULTS: The majority of the isolates representing different parts of Hungary are characterized by phage types 213 and 217 and the nalidixic acid-streptomycin-sulphonamide-tetracycline resistance type. They harbour a class 1 integron with an aadA1 gene in the 855 bp variable region, a tet(A) gene, a >168 kb plasmid and 66% of them represent one genetic clone as determined by XbaI PFGE fingerprinting.

CONCLUSIONS: It seems that broiler chickens constitute a reservoir for one large and a few smaller multidrug-resistant Salmonella Infantis clones in Hungary, which might have spread to humans through chicken meat.

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