COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Tunneled internal jugular catheters in adult patients: comparison of outcomes in hemodialysis versus infusion catheters

B Peynircioglu, F Ozkan, M Canyigit, B E Cil, F Balkanci
Acta Radiologica 2007, 48 (6): 613-9
17611867

BACKGROUND: Tunneled central venous catheters placed by interventional radiologists are now widely used for hemodialysis and infusion therapies throughout the world. However, complications such as infections and malfunctions still remain a major concern in oncology and hemodialysis patients.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term follow-up results of tunneled central venous catheters in an adult population in terms of infectious complications and malfunction rates in dialysis and oncology patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the hospital charts and our electronic database for 434 tunneled internal jugular catheters in 335 consecutive patients between December 2002 and March 2006. Mean patient age was 57 years (range 23-86 years) in the hemodialysis group and 45 years (range 18-83 years) in the infusion group. A total of 224 hemodialysis catheters were placed in 168 patients (68 females, 100 males) and 210 infusion catheters in 167 patients (48 females, 119 males).

RESULTS: Technical success rate was 100%. Mean duration of catheter use was 86 days (1-652 days) and 60 days (2-686 days) for hemodialysis and infusion catheters, respectively. A total of 107 hemodialysis (47%) and 95 infusion catheters (45%) were electively removed due to completion of therapy and resolution of need for dialysis. Revisions were performed 0.22 and 0.11 per 100 catheters days in the hemodialysis and infusion groups, respectively. Our total infection rate was 0.10 episodes per 100 catheter days, and the rate of infections necessitating catheter removal was 0.05 episodes per 100 catheter days in the hemodialysis group, which is lower than that reported in other big series. However, in the infusion group, the rate of infections necessitating catheter removal was 0.28 episodes per 100 catheter days.

CONCLUSION: Long-term central venous accesses using tunneled internal jugular catheters appeared to be safe and effective for both hemodialysis and long-term infusion therapies, with relatively higher infection rates in oncologic patients.

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