COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Haemoptysis due to chronic tuberculosis vs. bronchiectasis: comparison of long-term outcome of arterial embolisation

J-H Lee, S-Y Kwon, H-I Yoon, C J Yoon, K-W Lee, S-G Kang, C-T Lee
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2007, 11 (7): 781-7
17609054

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors that influence the outcome of bronchial arterial embolisation (BAE) in chronic tuberculosis (TB). In cases of chronic TB, non-bronchial systemic arteries (NBSA) provide a significant source of massive or recurrent haemoptysis.

DESIGN: Medical records and radiological findings of 30 consecutive TB patients who underwent BAE were retrospectively analysed and compared with those of 19 bronchiectasis patients.

RESULTS: Chronic TB patients had higher numbers of total feeding vessels (4.40 + or - 3.85 vs. 1.79 + or - 1.51, P = 0.007) and NBSA (1.57 + or - 1.63 vs. 0.42 + or - 0.61, P = 0.005) than the bronchiectasis patients. The number of embolisations required for obliterating feeding vessels (3.87 + or - 2.48 vs. 1.95 + or - 1.47, P = 0.004), and the incidence of incomplete embolisation (30% vs. 5.3%, P = 0.033) were also higher in the TB patients. Moreover, recurrence after BAE was more frequent in the TB patients (17/30, 56.7% vs. 5/19, 26.3%, P = 0.037). Male sex, past history of haemoptysis and incomplete embolisation during BAE were associated with higher recurrence of haemoptysis in chronic TB patients. The existence of a fungus ball or significant pleural thickening (> or =10 mm) was not found to influence the recurrence rate of haemoptysis.

CONCLUSION: The haemoptysis recurrence rate was higher in chronic TB than in bronchiectasis; this was found to be related to incomplete feeding vessel embolisation.

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