Intravenous and oral amiodarone for the prevention of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

Tamer Turk, Yusuf Ata, Hakan Vural, Hakan Ozkan, Senol Yavuz, Ahmet Ozyazicioglu
Heart Surgery Forum 2007, 10 (4): E299-303

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is still a frequent complication that increases morbidity after coronary artery bypass grafting. This prospective randomized study is designed to define efficacy of postoperative amiodarone prophylaxis in preventing atrial fibrillation after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.

METHODS: One hundred forty-four patients who underwent elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled for the study. Seventy-six patients (amiodarone group) received 5 mg/kg loading amiodarone infusion in the first postoperative hour, followed by 10 mg/kg for the first 24 hours. After 24 hours, patients received 600 mg/day amiodarone orally for 7 days and 200 mg/day until the end of the postoperative first month. Sixty-eight patients received placebo (control group).

RESULTS: Preoperative characteristics and operative variables of the patients were similar in both groups. Incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation and maximal ventricular rate response were recorded. The incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (11.8% versus 26.5%) (P = .025) and maximal ventricular rate response (109 +/- 13.8 beats/min versus 124.5 +/- 13.9 beats/min) (P = .011) were significantly lower in the amiodarone group. Duration of atrial fibrillation was 17.5 +/- 8.1 hours for the amiodarone group compared with 32.7 +/- 12 hours for the control group (P = .002).

CONCLUSION: Postoperative intravenous amiodarone prophylaxis followed by oral amiodarone significantly reduces the incidence of atrial fibrillation after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation.

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