Leukotriene B(4) enhances tumour necrosis factor-alpha-induced CCL27 production in human keratinocytes

N Kanda, S Watanabe
Clinical and Experimental Allergy 2007, 37 (7): 1074-82

BACKGROUND: A chemokine CCL27 recruits skin-homing T cells. CCL27 production by epidermal keratinocytes is dependent on nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity and is enhanced in lesions with atopic dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis. A lipid mediator leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) may be involved in the development of these allergic dermatoses. LTB(4) acts on cell surface G-protein-coupled receptors, BLT1 and BLT2.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of LTB(4) on CCL27 production in human keratinocytes.

METHODS: Keratinocytes were incubated with TNF-alpha and LTB(4). CCL27 secretion and mRNA levels were analysed by ELISA and RT-PCR, respectively. NF-kappaB activities were analysed by luciferase assays. Protein levels or phosphorylation status were analysed by cell-based ELISA.

RESULTS: LTB(4) alone did not enhance CCL27 production and modestly enhanced NF-kappaB activity in human keratinocytes. However, LTB(4) potently enhanced TNF-alpha-induced CCL27 secretion and mRNA expression and NF-kappaB activity. LTB(4) alone or together with TNF-alpha, induced phosphorylation and degradation of inhibitory NF-kappaB alpha (IkappaBalpha) and phosphorylation of NF-kappaB p65. These effects of LTB(4) were suppressed by BLT1 antagonist U75302, pertussis toxin, phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase inhibitor U0126, but not by BLT2 antagonist LY255283. LTB(4) induced phosphorylation of ERK and Akt, downstream kinase of PI3K; LY294002 suppressed phosphorylation of both kinases while U0126 suppressed only the former.

CONCLUSION: These results suggest that LTB(4) may enhance TNF-alpha-induced CCL27 production by activating NF-kappaB via the BLT1/G(i/o)/PI3K/ERK pathway in human keratinocytes. LTB(4) may contribute to the enhanced CCL27 production of keratinocytes in lesions with atopic dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis.

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