Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with mild cirrhosis and symptomatic cholelithiasis

G Curro, U Baccarani, G Adani, E Cucinotta
Transplantation Proceedings 2007, 39 (5): 1471-3

BACKGROUND: Our goal was to support the emerging opinion that laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and well tolerated in selected cirrhotic patients with indications for surgery. We present our experience with 50 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed on patients with mild cirrhosis.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed and analyzed the outcomes of 50 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed between January 1995 and May 2006 in patients with Child-Pugh A and B cirrhosis.

RESULTS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was uneventful for 35 cirrhotic patients. Conversion to an open procedure was necessary in two Child-Pugh B patients with chronic cholelcystitis. One Child-Pugh B cirrhotic patient required blood transfusion. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 patients, including hemorrhage, wound infection, intra-abdominal collection, and cardiopulmonary complications. The mean postoperative stay was 5 days (range, 3 to 13). No deaths occurred.

CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure in well-selected Child-Pugh A and B cirrhotic patients and should be the gold standard for patients with mild cirrhosis and symptomatic cholelithiasis.

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