The adequacy of laparoscopy for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis procedures

K Caliskan, T Z Nursal, A M Tarim, T Noyan, G Moray, M Haberal
Transplantation Proceedings 2007, 39 (5): 1359-61
The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of diagnostic/therapeutic laparoscopy in the management of peritoneal Tenchoff catheter placement in end-stage renal disease patients who had previous abdominal surgery and malfunctioning peritoneal dialysis catheters. From 1999 to 2004, 16 videolaparoscopic procedures were performed in 16 patients who had previous laparotomies. Laparoscopy was performed before peritoneal catheter placement in seven (group 1) and in 9 patients with peritoneal dialysis catheters in place, laparoscopy was performed for the management of catheter dysfunction (group 2). All laparoscopic procedures were performed under general anesthesia. The mean follow-up was 31.5 (range, 11 to 60) months. In group 1, six patients (85.7%), and in group 2, seven patients (77.7%) are still on peritoneal dialysis. Laparoscopy resulted in the placement/salvage of peritoneal dialysis catheter dysfunction. Placement of catheter was accomplished in patients who would have been previously designated as unsuitable candidates. Laparoscopy is a useful tool in every step of a peritoneal dialysis program.

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