Tube stent-grafts for infrarenal aortic aneurysm: a matched-paired analysis based on EUROSTAR data

Volker Ruppert, Lina J Leurs, Roel Hobo, Jacob Buth, Johannes Rieger, Thomas Umscheid
Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology 2007, 30 (4): 611-8

OBJECTIVE: Tube stent-grafts for treatment of infrarenal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are a nearly forgotten concept. For focal aortic pathologies tube stent-grafts may be a treatment option. We have performed a retrospective matched-paired analysis of the EUROSTAR registry regarding the outcome of tube vs. bifurcated stent-grafts for AAA. Tapered aortomonoiliac stent-grafts were not the objective of this study.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 1997 to June 2006, 7581 patients who underwent an endovascular AAA repair were entered in the EUROSTAR registry by 164 centers. One hundred fifty-three patients were treated with tube stent-grafts. For each of these 153 patients we selected one patient from a bifurcated stent-graft group (BGG-original, 7428 patients) matched according to gender, ASA, age, AAA diameter, and type of anesthesia. Differences in preoperative details between the two study groups were analyzed using chi-square test for discrete variables and Wilcoxon rank-sum test for continuous variables. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed on early complications. Midterm outcomes (>30 days) were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox proportional hazard model.

RESULTS: The duration of the procedure was shorter in the tube stent-graft group (TGG; 102.3 +/- 52.2) than in BGG (128.3 +/- 55.0; p = 0.0002). Type II endoleak was less frequent in TGG (4.0%; mean follow-up, 23.12 +/- 23.9 months) than in BGG (14.3%; mean follow-up, 20.77 +/- 20.0 months; p = 0.0394). Type I endoleaks and migration were distributed equally, without significant differences between the groups. Combined 30-day and late mortality was higher for TGG (p = 0.0346) and was obviously not aneurysm related.

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that after selection of patients, tube stent-grafts for infrarenal aortic repair can be performed with great safety regarding endoleaks and migration. The combined higher 30-day mortality and non-aneurysm-related mortality during follow-up were mainly caused by cardiac failures in our sample.

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