JOURNAL ARTICLE

Combined chemical and conventional injuries—pathophysiological, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects

H Berkenstadt, B Marganitt, J Atsmon
Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 1991, 27 (11): 623-6
1757234
Chemical warfare (CW) agents may cause both conventional and chemical injuries. The effects of the two types of injuries may be reciprocal, leading to difficulties in assessing and treating such patients. Several aspects of the combined injury are discussed: increased exposure to CW agents following conventional trauma, owing to skin laceration or inability to use a gas mask (head, face or chest trauma); pathophysiological interactions between the two types of injuries; protection of medical personnel against CW intoxication; treatment limitations of personnel caused by their CW protection gear, when treating patients requiring urgent decontamination; and the influence of conventional trauma on the management of CW casualties. The Israel Defense Forces' recommendations for the treatment of combined injuries in a contaminated area include: a) airway maintenance, b) securing breathing and ventilation, c) circulation and hemorrhage control, d) antidote administration, e) decontamination with fuller's earth, f) dressing the wound, and g) evacuation to a noncontaminated area.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
1757234
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"