Neonatal seizures: gaps between the laboratory and the clinic

Cesare T Lombroso
Epilepsia 2007, 48 Suppl 2: 83-106

UNLABELLED: Seizures in neonates (NBs) remain the most frequent neurological problem in the nursery. Considerable debate about their consequences exists between data and deductions reached through animal experimentations and those obtained through clinical investigations. The main conflicting issues are whether seizures in NBs can plant the roots for epileptogenesis and cause long-term deficits. The purpose of this chapter is to evaluate both laboratory and clinical results.

METHODS: Clinical data will be presented, including a 20-year-long cohort of NBs. This will be followed by the main seminal discoveries obtained in neonatal models. The phenomenon of transient or persistent dysmaturity following NB seizures will be discussed in relation to etiological factors.

RESULTS: The findings and deductions from animal models support the notions that epileptogenesis and cognitive deficits result from NB seizures. These conclusions contrast with clinical investigations maintaining that NB seizures, per se, are symptomatic markers of preexisting or of ongoing morbidities. The reasons for contrasting views will be discussed. Suggestions will be advanced for more animal models whose seizures are consistent with the etiologies and the phenotypes of human NB seizures.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.