JOURNAL ARTICLE

Interleukin (IL)-23 p19 expression induced by IL-1beta in human fibroblast-like synoviocytes with rheumatoid arthritis via active nuclear factor-kappaB and AP-1 dependent pathway

F-L Liu, C-H Chen, S-J Chu, J-H Chen, J-H Lai, H-K Sytwu, D-M Chang
Rheumatology 2007, 46 (8): 1266-73
17569750

OBJECTIVES: To explore the source of the p19 subunit of interleukin-23 (IL-23) in joints with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the effects of IL-1beta and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha on IL-23 gene expression in RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes and the effect of IL-23 on proinflammatory cytokines.

METHODS: Expression of IL-23 p19 in joints was examined by immunohistochemical analysis of patients with RA and osteoarthritis (OA). The effects of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha on the expression, of IL-23 p19 and IL-12 p35 subunits in human fibroblast-like synoviocytes from RA patients (HFLS-RA) were determined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), quantitative PCR and western blotting assay. Blockade of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) or AP-1 activation was used to verify the involvement of intracellular signal pathways of the induction of p19. IL-23-induced IL-8 and IL-6 productions were determined in HFLS-RA by RT-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS: IL-23 p19 was expressed in the synovium from RA, but not from OA patients. Similar to the protein expression, IL-23 p19 mRNA could be detected by RT-PCR in four of five RA synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMC). IL-1beta and TNF-alpha could induce RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes to produce the IL-23 p19 subunit. The effects of IL-1beta were much stronger than TNF-alpha. These responses were observed in both a dose-responsive and time-dependent manner. IL-1beta produced weakly enhanced gene expression of the p35 subunits of IL-12. IL-1beta also promotes the p35 expression, a subunit of IL-12, but weakly. In addition, the NF-kappaB and the AP-1 inhibitors down-regulated the expression of IL-23 p19 mRNA induced by IL-1beta. IL-23 receptor (IL-23R) was of constitutive expression in HFLS-RA. Moreover, IL-23 up-regulated the IL-8 and IL-6 mRNA and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner in HFLS-RA.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that IL-23, produced by mononuclear cells in synovial fluid with RA and HFLS-RA, promotes inflammatory responses in RA by inducing IL-8 and IL-6 production from HFLS. IL-1beta regulates IL-23 p19 expression via NF-kappaB and AP-1 pathways. This report also demonstrates that IL-23 could promote inflammatory responses in HFLS-RA by stimulating IL-8 and IL-6 production.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17569750
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"