Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in females: functional outcome of mesh sacrocolpopexy and rectopexy as a combined procedure

M Lim, P M Sagar, S Gonsalves, D Thekkinkattil, C Landon
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2007, 50 (9): 1412-21

PURPOSE: Urogenital prolapse is relatively common compared with rectal prolapse and the combination of urogenital prolapse and rectal prolapse is still more infrequent. This study was designed to evaluate the functional outcome of a series of patients who have undergone open mesh sacrocolporectopexy surgery for combined vaginal and rectal prolapse.

METHODS: Consecutive patients from June 2000 to June 2004 with confirmed vaginal and rectal prolapse subsequently underwent open mesh sacrocolporectopexy. The Cleveland Clinic Short Form-20 Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory questionnaire with Urinary Distress Inventory, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory, and Colorectal-Anal Distress Inventory subscales was completed by all patients preoperatively and at six months postoperatively.

RESULTS: There were 29 patients with a median age of 66 (interquartile range, 59-73) years. Median period of follow-up was 26 (interquartile range, 15-33) months. Median global pelvic floor distress inventory scores were lower postoperatively compared with preoperatively (96.4 (interquartile range, 50.8-149.7) vs. 182.3 (interquartile range, 140.6-208.6; P = 0.001). All three median subscales scores also were significantly lower postoperatively compared with preoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with concurrent vaginal and rectal prolapse, open mesh sacrocolporectopexy confers good symptomatic improvement for urinary-, vaginal-, and rectal-related symptoms.

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