Directed evolution of beta-galactosidase from Escherichia coli into beta-glucuronidase

Ai-Sheng Xiong, Ri-He Peng, Jing Zhuang, Jin-Ge Liu, Fang Xu, Bin Cai, Zhao-Kui Guo, Yu-Shan Qiao, Jian-Min Chen, Zhen Zhang, Quan-Hong Yao
Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 2007 May 31, 40 (3): 419-25
In vitro directed evolution through DNA shuffling is a powerful molecular tool for creation of new biological phenotypes. E. coli beta-galactosidase and beta-glucuronidase are widely used, and their biological function, catalytic mechanism, and molecular structures are well characterized. We applied an in vitro directed evolution strategy through DNA shuffling and obtained five mutants named YG6764, YG6768, YG6769, YG6770 and YG6771 after two rounds of DNA shuffling and screening, which exhibited more beta-glucuronidase activity than wild-type beta-galactosidase. These variants had mutations at fourteen nucleic acid sites, resulting in changes in ten amino acids: S193N, T266A, Q267R, V411A, D448G, G466A, L527I, M543I, Q626R and Q951R. We expressed and purified those mutant proteins. Compared to the wild-type protein, five mutant proteins exhibited high beta-glucuronidase activity. The comparison of molecular models of the mutated and wildtype enzymes revealed the relationship between protein function and structural modification.

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