JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

New molecular mechanisms on the activation of TRPM2 channels by oxidative stress and ADP-ribose

Mustafa Naziroğlu
Neurochemical Research 2007, 32 (11): 1990-2001
17562166
The Na(+) and Ca(2+)-permeable melastatin related transient receptor potential (TRPM2) cation channels can be gated either by ADP-ribose (ADPR) in concert with Ca(2+) or by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), an experimental model for oxidative stress, and binding to the channel's enzymatic Nudix domain. Since the mechanisms that lead to TRPM2 inhibiting in response to ADPR and H(2)O(2) are not understood, I reviewed the effects of various inhibitors such as flufenamic acid and PARP inhibitors on ADPR, NAD(+) and H(2)O(2)-induced TRPM2 currents. In our experimental study, TRPM2 cation channels in chinese hamster ovary transected cells were gated both by ADPR and NAD(+). In addition, H(2)O(2) seems to activate TRPM2 by changing to the hydroxyl radical in the intracellular space after passing the plasma membrane. Experimental studies with respect to patch-clamp and Ca(2+) imaging, inhibitor roles of antioxidants are also summarized in the review.

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