Stromal cell-derived factor-1 induces matrix metalloprotease-13 expression in human chondrocytes

Yung-Cheng Chiu, Rong-Sen Yang, Kuo-Hsien Hsieh, Yi-Chin Fong, Tzong-Der Way, Tu-Sheng Lee, Hsi-Chin Wu, Wen-Mei Fu, Chih-Hsin Tang
Molecular Pharmacology 2007, 72 (3): 695-703
The production of chemokine stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 is significantly higher in synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 may contribute to the breakdown of articular cartilage during arthritis. Here, we found that SDF-1alpha increased the secretion of MMP-13 in cultured human chondrocytes, as shown by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and zymographic analysis. SDF-1alpha also increased the surface expression of CXCR4 receptor in human chondrocytes. CXCR4-neutralizing antibody, CXCR4-specific inhibitor [1-[[4-(1,4,8,11-tetrazacyclotetradec-1-ylmethyl)phenyl]methyl]-1,4,8,11-tetrazacyclotetradecane (AMD3100)], or small interfering RNA against CXCR4 inhibited the SDF-1alpha-induced increase of MMP-13 expression. The transcriptional regulation of MMP-13 by SDF-1alpha was mediated by phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) and activation of the activator protein (AP)-1 components of c-Fos and c-Jun. The binding of c-Fos and c-Jun to the activator protein (AP-1) element on the MMP-13 promoter and the increase in luciferase activity was enhanced by SDF-1alpha. Cotransfection with dominant-negative mutant of ERK2 or c-Fos and c-Jun antisense oligonucleotide inhibited the potentiating action of SDF-1alpha on MMP-13 promoter activity. Taken together, our results provide evidence that SDF-1alpha acts through CXCR4 to activate ERK and the downstream transcription factors (c-Fos and c-Jun), resulting in the activation of AP-1 on the MMP-13 promoter and contributing cartilage destruction during arthritis.

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