Skeletal anchorage systems in orthodontics: absolute anchorage. A dream or reality?

Kevin A Young, Colin A Melrose, Jayne E Harrison
Journal of Orthodontics 2007, 34 (2): 101-10
This article examines the concept of orthodontic anchorage and focuses on ways skeletally derived anchorage is gained. A brief history of the different skeletal anchorage systems to date is given. The article gives an emphasis on the use of one particular skeletal anchorage technique--the micro-implant--to assist with orthodontic anchorage and active tooth movement. Advantages and disadvantages of this new technique are discussed. An illustration of the use of micro-implants is given with reference to a case where they have been used in a novel manner to provide distal movement of maxillary molars.

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