Reconstruction of traumatic orbital floor fractures with resorbable mesh plate

Serhan Tuncer, Reha Yavuzer, Sebahattin Kandal, Yucel H Demir, Selahattin Ozmen, Osman Latifoglu, Kenan Atabay
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 2007, 18 (3): 598-605
Various materials such as autogenous bone, cartilage and alloplastic implants have been used to reconstruct orbital floor fractures. A new material is needed because of disadvantages of nonresorbable alloplastic materials and difficulties in harvesting autogenous tissues. In this study safety and value of the use of resorbable mesh plate in the treatment of orbital floor fractures are discussed. Between 2002 and 2004 a total of 17 maxillofacial trauma patients complicated with orbital floor fractures were treated with resorbable mesh plate through subciliary or transconjunctival incisions. Pure blow-out fractures were determined in 6 patients and 11 patients had accompanying maxillofacial fractures. Resorbable plate was easily shaped to fit to the orbital floor by cutting with scissors. Patients were evaluated clinically and with computed tomography scans preoperatively and at 3-, 6- and 12-month intervals postoperatively. Twelve patients had preoperative enophthalmos. Two patients had diplopia that was corrected postoperatively. In all 17 cases there was no evidence of infection, diplopia and gaze restriction postoperatively. Scleral show appeared in three patients by the second postoperative week but resolved totally within 3 to 6 weeks except one patient. In this patient anterior displacement of mesh was evident which caused ectropion and enophthalmos and required re-operation. No any other mesh related problems were seen at 15 months mean follow-up time. The advantage of the resorbable mesh system in orbital floor fracture is the maintenance of orbital contents against herniation forces during the initial phase of healing and then complete resorption through natural processes after its support is no longer needed. Our experience represents that resorbable mesh is a safe and effective material for reconstruction of the selected, non-extensive orbital floor fractures.

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