Conformational solution studies of the SDS micelle-bound 11-28 fragment of two Alzheimer's beta-amyloid variants (E22K and A21G) using CD, NMR, and MD techniques

Sylwia Rodziewicz-Motowidło, Paulina Juszczyk, Aleksandra S Kołodziejczyk, Emilia Sikorska, Agnieszka Skwierawska, Marta Oleszczuk, Zbigniew Grzonka
Biopolymers 2007, 87 (1): 23-39
The beta-amyloid (Abeta) is the major peptide constituent of neuritic plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its aggregation is believed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Naturally occurring mutations resulting in changes in the Abeta sequence (pos. 21-23) are associated with familial AD-like diseases with extensive cerebrovascular pathology. It was proved that the mutations alter the aggregation ability of Abeta and its neurotoxicity. Among five mutations at positions 21-23 there are two mutations with distinct clinical characteristics and potentially distinct pathogenic mechanism-the Italian (E22K) and the Flemish (A21G) mutations. In our studies we have examined the structures of the 11-28 fragment of the Italian and Flemish Abeta variants. The fragment was chosen because it has been shown to be the most important for amyloid fibril formation. The detailed structure of both variants Abeta(11-28) was determined using CD, 2D NMR, and molecular dynamics techniques under water-SDS micelle conditions. The NMR analysis revealed two distinct sets of proton resonances for the peptides. The studies of both peptides pointed out the existence of well-defined alpha-helical conformation in the Italian mutant, whereas the Flemish was found to be unstructured with the possibility of a bent structure in the central part of the peptide.

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