JOURNAL ARTICLE

Distinct roles of CaM and Ca(2+)/CaM -dependent protein kinase II in Ca(2+) -dependent facilitation and inactivation of cardiac L-type Ca(2+) channels

Hong-Guang Nie, Li-Ying Hao, Jian-Jun Xu, Etsuko Minobe, Asako Kameyama, Masaki Kameyama
Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS 2007, 57 (3): 167-73
17511897
L-type Ca(2+) channels have two opposing forms of autoregulatory feedback, Ca(2+) -dependent facilitation (CDF) and Ca(2+) -dependent inactivation (CDI), in response to increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. Calmodulin (CaM) has been reported to mediate the two feedbacks. Although both the direct binding of CaM and the phosphorylation mediated by Ca(2+)/CaM -dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) have been suggested as underlying mechanisms, the detailed features remain to be clarified. In this study, we investigated the effects of CaM and CaMKII inhibitors on CDF and CDI with patch clamp cell-attached recordings in guinea-pig ventricular myocytes. We confirmed that a high-K(+) and high-Ca(2)(+) could induce an increase of the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration and subsequent CDF and CDI. We then found that CDF and CDI were both depressed and were finally abolished by treatment with a CaM inhibitor chlorpromazine (1-100 microM) in a concentration-dependent manner. Another CaM antagonist calmidazolium (1 microM) showed a similar effect. In contrast, CaMKII inhibitors, KN-62 (0.1-3 microM) and autocamtide 2 -related inhibitory peptide (1 microM), delayed the development of CDF and CDI significantly, but they did not depress either CDF or CDI. These results imply that CaM is necessary and possibly sufficient for the two mechanisms. We propose a hypothesis that CaM is a key molecule to bifurcate the Ca(2+) signal to CDF and CDI and that CaMKII plays a modulatory role in them both.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17511897
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"