JOURNAL ARTICLE

The proteasome inhibitor PS-341 (bortezomib) up-regulates DR5 expression leading to induction of apoptosis and enhancement of TRAIL-induced apoptosis despite up-regulation of c-FLIP and survivin expression in human NSCLC cells

Xiangguo Liu, Ping Yue, Shuzhen Chen, Liping Hu, Sagar Lonial, Fadlo R Khuri, Shi-Yong Sun
Cancer Research 2007 May 15, 67 (10): 4981-8
17510429
The proteasome inhibitor PS-341 (bortezomib or Velcade), an approved drug for treatment of patients with multiple myeloma, is currently being tested in clinical trials against various malignancies, including lung cancer. Preclinical studies have shown that PS-341 induces apoptosis and enhances tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis in human cancer cells with undefined mechanisms. In the present study, we show that PS-341 induced caspase-8-dependent apoptosis, cooperated with TRAIL to induce apoptosis, and up-regulated death receptor 5 (DR5) expression in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. DR5 induction correlated with the ability of PS-341 to induce apoptosis. Blockage of PS-341-induced DR5 up-regulation using DR5 small interfering RNA (siRNA) rendered cells less sensitive to apoptosis induced by either PS-341 or its combination with TRAIL, indicating that DR5 up-regulation mediates PS-341-induced apoptosis and enhancement of TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human NSCLC cells. We exclude the involvement of c-FLIP and survivin in mediating these events because c-FLIP (i.e., FLIP(S)) and survivin protein levels were actually elevated on exposure to PS-341. Reduction of c-FLIP with c-FLIP siRNA sensitized cells to PS-341-induced apoptosis, suggesting that c-FLIP elevation protects cells from PS-341-induced apoptosis. Thus, the present study highlights the important role of DR5 up-regulation in PS-341-induced apoptosis and enhancement of TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human NSCLC cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17510429
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"