JOURNAL ARTICLE

P-glycoprotein mediates celecoxib-induced apoptosis in multiple drug-resistant cell lines

Ornella Fantappiè, Michela Solazzo, Nadia Lasagna, Francesca Platini, Luciana Tessitore, Roberto Mazzanti
Cancer Research 2007 May 15, 67 (10): 4915-23
17510421
In several neoplastic diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma, the expression of P-glycoprotein and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are often increased and involved in drug resistance and poor prognosis. P-glycoprotein, in addition to drug resistance, blocks cytochrome c release, preventing apoptosis in tumor cells. Because COX-2 induces P-glycoprotein expression, we evaluated the effect of celecoxib, a specific inhibitor of COX-2 activity, on P-glycoprotein-mediated resistance to apoptosis in cell lines expressing multidrug resistant (MDR) phenotype. Experiments were done using MDR-positive and parental cell lines at basal conditions and after exposure to 10 or 50 micromol/L celecoxib. We found that 10 micromol/L celecoxib reduced P-glycoprotein, Bcl-x(L), and Bcl-2 expression, and induced translocation of Bax from cytosol to mitochondria and cytochrome c release into cytosol in MDR-positive hepatocellular carcinoma cells. This causes the activation of caspase-3 and increases the number of cells going into apoptosis. No effect was shown on parental drug-sensitive or on MDR-positive hepatocellular carcinoma cells after transfection with MDR1 small interfering RNA. Interestingly, although inhibiting COX-2 activity, 50 micromol/L celecoxib weakly increased the expression of COX-2 and P-glycoprotein and did not alter Bcl-x(L) and Bcl-2 expression. In conclusion, these results show that relatively low concentrations of celecoxib induce cell apoptosis in MDR cell lines. This effect is mediated by P-glycoprotein and suggests that the efficacy of celecoxib in the treatment of different types of cancer may depend on celecoxib concentration and P-glycoprotein expression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17510421
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"