COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

High-resolution whole-body magnetic resonance imaging applications at 1.5 and 3 Tesla: a comparative study

Gerwin P Schmidt, Bernd Wintersperger, Anno Graser, Andrea Baur-Melnyk, Maximilian F Reiser, Stefan O Schoenberg
Investigative Radiology 2007, 42 (6): 449-59
17507818

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the impact of altered magnetic field properties on image quality and on potential artifacts when an established whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) protocol at 1.5 Tesla (T) is migrated to 3 T.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen volunteers underwent noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on 32-channel whole body-scanners at 1.5 and 3 T with the use of parallel acquisition techniques (PAT). Coronal T1-weighted TSE- and short tau inversion recovery (STIR)-sequences at 4 body levels including sagittal imaging of the whole spine were performed. Additional axial HASTE-imaging of lung and abdomen, T1-/T2-weighted-TSE- and EPI-sequences of the brain and T2-weighted respiratory-triggered imaging of the liver was acquired. Both data sets were compared by 2 independent readers in respect to artifacts and image quality using a 5-point scale. Regions of pronounced artifacts were defined.

RESULTS: Overall image impression was both qualitatively rated as "good" at 1.5 and 3 T for T1-w-TSE- and STIR-imaging of the whole body and spine. At 1.5 T, significantly better quantitative values for overall image quality were found for WB-STIR, T2-w-TSE imaging of the liver and brain (Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney U Test; P < 0.05), overall rated as good at 3 T. Significantly higher dielectric effects at 3 T were affecting T1-w- and STIR-WB-MRI, and HASTE of the abdomen and better image homogeneity at 1.5 T was observed for T1-weighted-/STIR-WB-MRI and T1-w-TSE-imaging of the spine. Pulsation artifacts were significantly increased at 3 T for T1-w WB-MRI. Significantly higher susceptibility artifacts were found for GRE-sequences of the brain at 3 T. Motion artifacts, Gibbs-Ringing, and image distortion was not significantly different and showed slightly higher quantitative values at 3 T (except for HASTE imaging of the abdomen). Overall scan time was 45 minutes and 44 seconds at 1.5 T and 40 minutes and 28 seconds at 3 T at identical image resolution.

CONCLUSION: Three Tesla WB-MRI is feasible with good image quality comparable to 1.5 T. 3.0 T WB-MRI shows significantly more artifacts with a mild to moderate impact on image assessment. Therefore 1.5 T WB-MRI is the preferred image modality. Overall scan time at 3 T is reduced with the use of parallel imaging at a constant image resolution.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17507818
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"