[Natural history of cavernomas of the central nervous system]

J Brunon, C Nuti
Neuro-Chirurgie 2007, 53 (2-3 Pt 2): 122-30
We present a critical review of the literature on the central nervous system cavernomas in order to highlight their natural history and to define the most appropriate management of these rare lesions. The prevalence is now estimated from 0.3 to 0.7% in the general population without any significant difference by gender; 25% of cases are pediatric. Two forms of the disease can be described: sporadic forms in 80% of cases, characterized by isolated or rare lesions and familial dominant autosomic forms characterized by multiple and evolutive lesions. The incidence is not well known, the consultation of the French PMSI database suggests that 50 to 100 cases are operated on each year (1 to 2 per million). Cavernomas are dynamic lesions: growing in many cases, seldom remaining quiescent and disappearing in rare cases. The anatomical evolution is more pejorative in familial forms. "De novo" cases are now well known, either in familial or sporadic forms and after radiotherapy. Many lesions are totally asymptomatic, but the frequency of symptomatic forms is debated in the literature from 3 to 90%... The hemorrhagic risk is evaluated from 0,5 to 3% each year, depending on the localization, and the risk of rebleeding is more important but not well known. The epileptic risk is correlated to the localization, more frequent for temporal and frontal lesions from 4,5 to 11% each year, but these data are controversial. The natural history depends on the topography: hemispheric, deep-seated, brain stem, cerebellum or intramedullary and in pediatric situations. Each situation will be treated in this report.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"