[Mechanical ventilatory parameters guided by the low flow pressure-volume curve in patients with acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome]

Vinko Tomicic, Jorge Molina, Jerónimo Graf, Mauricio Espinoza, Miguel Antúnez, Isabel Errázuriz, Pablo Aguilera, Francisco Izquierdo, Tania López, Claudio Canals
Revista Médica de Chile 2007, 135 (3): 307-16

BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation may contribute to lung injury and then enhance systemic inflammation. Optimal ventilatory parameters such as tidal volume (VT) and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) can be determined using different methods. Low flow pressure volume (P/V-LF) curve is a useful tool to assess the respiratory system mechanics and set ventilatory parameters.

AIM: To set VT and PEEP according P/V-LF curve analysis and evaluate its effects on gas exchange and hemodynamic parameters.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty seven patients underwent P/V-LF within the first 72 hours of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). P/V-LF curves were obtained from the ventilator and both lower and upper inflexion points determined. Gas exchange and hemodynamic parameters were measured before and after modifying ventilator settings guided by P/V-LF curves.

RESULTS: Ventilatory parameters set according P/V-LF curve, led to a rise of PEEP and reduction of VT: 11.6+/-2.8 to 14.1+/-2.1 cm H2O, and 9.7+/-2.4 to 8.8+/-2.2 mL/kg (p<0.01). Arterial to inspired oxygen fraction ratio increased from 158.0+/-66 to 188.5+/-68.5 (p<0.01), and oxygenation index was reduced, 13.7+/-8.2 to 12.3+/-7.2 (p<0.05). Cardiac output and oxygen delivery index (IDO2) were not modified. Demographic data, gas exchange improvement and respiratory system mechanics showed no significant difference between patients with extra-pulmonary and pulmonary ALI/ARDS. There was no evidence of significant adverse events related with this technique.

CONCLUSION: P/V-LF curves information allowed us to adjust ventilatory parameters and optimize gas exchange without detrimental effects on oxygen delivery in mechanically ventilated ALI/ARDS patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"