JOURNAL ARTICLE

Chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells in collagen type I hydrogels

Ulrich Nöth, Lars Rackwitz, Andrea Heymer, Meike Weber, Bernd Baumann, Andre Steinert, Norbert Schütze, Franz Jakob, Jochen Eulert
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A 2007 December 1, 83 (3): 626-35
17503531
The chondrogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in a collagen type I hydrogel, which is in clinical use for matrix-based autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT), was investigated. Collagen hydrogels with 2.5 x 10(5) MSCs/mL were fabricated and cultured for 3 weeks in a serum-free, defined, chondrogenic differentiation medium containing 10 ng/mL TGF-beta1 or 100 ng/mL BMP-2. Histochemistry revealed morphologically distinct, chondrocyte-like cells, surrounded by a sulfated proteoglycan-rich extracellular matrix in the TGF-beta1 and BMP-2 treated group, with more elongated cells seen in the BMP-2 treated group. Immunohistochemistry detected collagen type II (Col II) in the TGF-beta1 and BMP-2 treated group. Collagen type X (Col X) staining was positive in the TGF-beta1 but only very weak in the BMP-2 treated group. RT-PCR analyses revealed a specific chondrogenic differentiation with the expression of the cartilage specific marker genes Col II, Col X, and aggrecan (AGN) in the TGF-beta1 and the BMP-2 treated group, with earlier expression of these marker genes in the TGF-beta1 treated group. Interestingly, MSC-gels cultured in DMEM with 10% FBS (control) indicated few isolated chondrocyte-like cells but no expression of Col II or Col X could be detected. The results show, that MSCs cultured in a collagen type I hydrogel are able to undergo a distinct chondrogenic differentiation pathway, similar to that described for MSCs cultured in high-density pellet cultures. These findings are valuable in terms of ex vivo predifferentiation or in situ differentiation of MSCs in collagen hydrogels for articular cartilage repair.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17503531
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"