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Dermoid cyst of the parotid gland—a case report and brief review of the literature

C Naujoks, J Handschel, S Braunstein, F Emaetig, R Depprich, U Meyer, N Kübler
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2007, 36 (9): 861-3
17498925
There is controversy over the frequency of dermoid cysts in the head and neck area. Some authors report that they are common, whereas others say that only 7% of such cysts occur in the head and neck area. In either case, they are extremely rare in the parotid gland. When PubMed is searched for 'dermoid cyst of the parotid gland', only 11 articles are listed. Only four of the articles written in English are case reports of dermoid cysts of the parotid gland. Due to the rarity of descriptions and the considerable diversity of swellings of the parotid gland diagnosis is difficult. Visualizing options like computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound cannot give a conclusive preoperative diagnosis. This case report shows the challenges in diagnosis and gives a short review of the literature.

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