A novel phosphoinositide 3-kinase-dependent pathway for angiotensin II/AT-1 receptor-mediated induction of collagen synthesis in MES-13 mesangial cells

Naohiro Yano, Daisuke Suzuki, Masayuki Endoh, Ting C Zhao, James F Padbury, Yi-Tang Tseng
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2007 June 29, 282 (26): 18819-30
Chronic activation of the angiotensin II (ANG II) type 1 receptor (AT-1R) is critical in the development of chronic kidney disease. ANG II activates mesangial cells (MCs) and stimulates the synthesis of extracellular matrix components. To determine the molecular mechanisms underlying the induction of MC collagen, a mouse mesangial cell line MES-13 was employed. ANG II treatment induced an increase in collagen synthesis, which was abrogated by co-treatment with losartan (an AT-1R antagonist), wortmannin (a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor), an Akt inhibitor, and stable transfection of dominant negative-Akt1. ANG II induced a significant increase in PI3K activity, which was abolished by co-treatment with losartan or 2',5'-dideoxyadenosine (2',5'-DOA, an adenylyl cyclase inhibitor) but not by PD123319 (an AT-2R antagonist) or H89 (a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor). The Epac (exchange protein directly activated by cAMP)-specific cAMP analog, 8-pHPT-2'-O-Me-cAMP, significantly increased PI3K activity, whereas a PKA-specific analog, 6-benzoyladenosine-cAMP, showed no effect. The ANG II-induced increase in PI3K activity was also blocked by co-treatment with PP2, an Src inhibitor, or AG1478, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonist. ANG II induced phosphorylation of Akt and p70S6K and EGFR, which was abrogated by knockdown of c-Src by small interference RNA. Knockdown of Src also effectively abolished ANG II-induced collagen synthesis. Conversely, stable transfection of a constitutively active Src mutant enhanced basal PI3K activity and collagen production, which was abrogated by AG1478 but not by 2',5'-DOA. Moreover, acute treatment with ANG II significantly increased Src activity, which was abrogated with co-treatment of 2',5'-DOA. Taken together, these results suggest that ANG II induces collagen synthesis in MCs by activating the ANG II/AT-1R-EGFR-PI3K pathway. This transactivation is dependent on cAMP/Epac but not on PKA. Src kinase plays a pivotal role in this signaling pathway between cAMP and EGFR. This is the first demonstration that an AT1R-PI3K/Akt crosstalk, along with transactivation of EGFR, mediates ANG II-induced collagen synthesis in MCs.

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