Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Electrocardiographic abnormalities in methamphetamine abusers.

Addiction 2007 April
AIMS: Although many adverse cardiovascular outcomes are mentioned in conjunction with methamphetamine use, a causal relationship between methamphetamine use and arrhythmia or cardiomyopathy has not been demonstrated in man. Clinical experience with methamphetamine users suggested a higher incidence of electrocardiographic abnormalities. This study seeks to quantify that incidence, among subjects enrolled in a study of adults with methamphetamine dependence.

METHODS: Electrocardiograms obtained during screening in a previous clinical trial were examined. The study population (n = 158) of adults with methamphetamine dependence [Diagnostic and Statistical Manual version IV (DSM IV-TR)] was drawn from five sites across the United States, recruited in the interval 2002-03.

RESULTS: A significant variance from the normal population was noted in the electrocardiograms of the study cohort. Among the abnormalities was a prolongation of the QTc beyond 440 ms in 27.2% of the group. QTc prolongation to this extent poses a particular risk for ventricular arrhythmias, most notably torsades de pointes.

CONCLUSIONS: We believe that this is the first demonstration of clinically significant QTc prolongation in a methamphetamine-using population, and that this has implications for the types of arrhythmias for which this population is at risk. It may further provide a marker for risk of cardiomyopathy. The fact of electrocardiographic changes with potential cardiac risks may be useful in a motivational interviewing approach, in challenging the methamphetamine user's basis for continuing use.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app