JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Protective effect of ferulic acid on neuronal apoptosis of spinal cord subsequent to aortic blood cross-clamping in rabbits]

Qi-bin Ke, Ya Jiang, Hai-bo Huang, Qing-shan Zhou, Qi-jin Yu, Gui-xian Xiong
Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue, Chinese Critical Care Medicine, Zhongguo Weizhongbing Jijiuyixue 2007, 19 (5): 311-3
17490577

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of ferulic acid on neuronal apoptosis of the spinal cord after aortic blood cross-clamping and its mechanism in rabbits.

METHODS: Twenty-four rabbits were randomly divided into sham operation group, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury group and ferulic acid group. Spinal cord I/R injury model was replicated by clamping blood of the infrarenal aorta for 40 minutes followed reperfusion for 7 days. Ferulic acid 50 mg/kg was injected 15 minutes before aortic clamping in ferulic acid group. The aorta was not clamped in sham operation group. Contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in plasma were assayed at 10 minutes before clamping (C-10), before removal of occlusion (C40), at 60 minutes (R60) and on the 7 th day (R7d) after reperfusion. Apoptosis of neurones of spinal cord and the expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 protein were assayed by immunohistochemical technique. Neurologic function score of hind limb was observed after operation.

RESULTS: (1)The activity of MDA after I/R in I/R injury group was increased significantly compared with those before clamping and those in sham operation group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The activity of MDA in ferulic acid group was significantly higher than that at C-10 (P<0.05), while significantly lower than those in I/R injury group at any time point (P<0.05 or P<0.01), but showed no significant difference compared with sham operation group. Changes in SOD activities were opposite to that of MDA. (2)The expression of Bax protein in I/R injury group was increased significantly (P<0.05), but the expression of Bcl-2 protein was decreased significantly compared with that in sham operation group (P<0.01). In ferulic acid group, the expression of Bax protein was significantly lower than that in I/R injury group and higher than that in sham operation group (P<0.01 and P<0.05), and the expression of Bcl-2 protein was higher than those in I/R injury group and sham operation group (both P<0.01). (3)The index of neuronal apoptosis in I/R injury group was significantly higher than that in sham operation group (P<0.01), and that in ferulic acid group was much lower than that in I/R injury group, but higher than sham operation group (P<0.01 and P<0.05). (4)The degree of paralysis in ferulic acid group was significantly lower than that in I/R injury group, and a higher neurologic score was observed (both P<0.01).

CONCLUSION: Ferulic acid can reduce the spinal cord neuronal apoptosis as a result of aortic occlusion in rabbits. The possible mechanism is that it decreases protein expression of Bax, increases that of Bcl-2 and enhances antioxidation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17490577
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"