MS-CASPT2 calculation of excess electron transfer in stacked DNA nucleobases

Lluís Blancafort, Alexander A Voityuk
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A 2007 May 31, 111 (21): 4714-9
Calculations using the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) and complete active space second-order perturbation (CASPT2) methods, and the multistate formulation of CASPT2 (MS-CASPT2), are performed for the ground and excited states of radical anions consisting of two pi-stacked nucleobases. The electronic couplings for excess electron transfer (EET) in the pi-stacks are estimated by using the generalized Mulliken-Hush approach. We compare results obtained within the different methods with data derived using Koopmans' theorem approximation at the Hartree-Fock level. The results suggest that although the one-electron scheme cannot be applied to calculate electron affinities of nucleobases, it provides reasonable estimates for EET energies. The electronic couplings calculated with KTA lie between the CASPT2 and the MS-CASPT2 based values in almost all cases.

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