OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparison of temporary bifocal right ventricular pacing and biventricular pacing for heart failure: evaluation by tissue Doppler imaging

R E Lane, J Mayet, N S Peters, D W Davies, A W C Chow
Heart 2008, 94 (1): 53-8
17483133

BACKGROUND: The complications and limitations of biventricular pacing largely relate to left ventricular (LV) pacing. An alternative approach was tested of simultaneously pacing the right ventricular (RV) apex and outflow tract (RVOT) or using bifocal right ventricular pacing (BRVP) to provide cardiac resynchronisation.

METHODS: 21 consecutive patients with heart failure and severely impaired left ventricular function were studied. Ejection fraction and tissue Doppler data were collected at baseline, during BRVP, and during biventricular pacing, using a temporary pacing protocol.

RESULTS: BRVP was achieved in all patients without complication. BRVP significantly reduced mean baseline intra-LV, inter-LV-RV, and global mechanical dyssynchrony from (mean (SD)) 71 (35) to 44 (18) ms, p = 0.003; 86 (42) to 57 (33) ms, p = 0.029; and 157 (67) to 101 (42) ms, p = 0.005, respectively. It increased the ejection fraction from 21 (8)% to 29 (7)%, p = 0.002. Compared with BRVP, reductions in intra-LV, inter-LV-RV, and global mechanical dyssynchrony were superior with biventricular pacing (31 (12) ms, p = 0.014; 36 (27) ms, p = 0.008; and 67 (34) ms, p = 0.01 compared with BRVP, respectively); improvements in ejection fraction were similar (26 (9)%, NS).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with heart failure, superior mechanical resynchronisation is achieved with biventricular pacing compared with BRVP. BRVP may be useful when left ventricular lead placement is not possible.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17483133
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"