Spectroscopic investigation on the interaction of J-aggregate with human serum albumin

Yazhou Zhang, Hongyan Du, Yalin Tang, Guangzhi Xu, Wenpeng Yan
Biophysical Chemistry 2007, 128 (2): 197-203
The interactions of three cyanine dyes, which exhibit different meso substituent in polymethine chain, with human serum albumin (HSA) have been investigated by the means of absorption, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectra. In phosphate buffer solution (PBS), the mentioned dyes exist not as isolated monomers but rather in the formation of J-aggregation. In the presence of HSA, the absorption and fluorescence emission spectra indicated that the J-aggregation was decomposed to monomer because of the strong affinity between dye molecules and HSA. Besides the association of cyanine dyes with HSA, binding to HSA gave rise to the J-aggregation CD signals. The meso substituent in the polymethine plays an important role in the interaction of HSA and the J-aggregation. Spectral studies showed that the dye bound with HSA in a 1:1 formation. The apparent constant (K(a)) value was roughly identified by analysis of the corresponding fluorescence data at various HSA concentrations. The higher affinity of the molecule with meso phenyl towards HSA with respect to molecules with meso ethyl or methyl can be attributed to the arrangement of molecules in J-aggregation and the hydrophobic force between the molecules and HSA.

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