[alpha Klotho and inorganic phosphate metabolism]

Ken-ichi Miyamoto, Hiroko Segawa, Mikiko Ito, Sawako Tatsumi
Clinical Calcium 2007, 17 (5): 698-703
Recent studies have demonstrated that klotho protein plays a role in calcium/phosphate homeostasis. Urakawa et al demonstrated that the concerted action of klotho and fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 reconstitutes the fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) receptor (Nature 444,770,2006). We investigated the correlation between hyperphosphatemia and Pi transport activity in klotho mutant mice (kl/kl mice). kl/kl mice displayed hyperphosphatemia, high plasma 1,25 (OH) (2)D(3) levels, increased activity of the renal and intestinal sodium-dependent P (i) cotransporters, and increased levels of the type II a, type II b, and type II c transporter proteins compared with wild-type mice. Interestingly, transcript levels of the type II a/type II c transporter mRNA abundance, but not transcripts levels of type II b transporter mRNA, were markedly decreased in kl/kl mice compared with wild-type mice. Furthermore, plasma FGF23 levels were 150-fold higher in kl/kl mice than in wild-type mice. Feeding of a low-P (i) diet induced the expression of klotho protein and decreased plasma FGF23 levels in kl/kl mice, whereas colchicine treatment experiments revealed evidence of abnormal membrane trafficking of the type IIa transporter in kl/kl mice. These results indicate that hyperphosphatemia in klotho mice is due to dysregulation of expression and trafficking of the renal type II a/ II c transporters rather than to intestinal P (i) uptake.

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