Baseline serum hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA level and response at week 4 are the best predictors of relapse after treatment with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients

Marina Núñez, Ana Mariño, Angel Mariño, Celia Miralles, Miguel A Berdún, Julio Sola, Juan Jose Hernandez-Burruezo, Maria Jose Galindo, Pablo Barreiro, Luz Martin-Carbonero, Vincent Soriano
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS 2007 August 1, 45 (4): 439-44

BACKGROUND: Relapse after achieving virologic response to anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment considerably reduces sustained virologic response rates. It is unclear what the main predictors of relapse in HCV/HIV-coinfected patients are.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Pegasys Ribavirina España Coinfección (PRESCO) study evaluated short and extended duration of treatment for chronic hepatitis C using pegylated interferon (peg-IFN)-alpha2a at a dose of 180 microg/wk plus weight-based ribavirin (RBV) at a dose of 1000 to 1200 mg/d in HIV-infected subjects. Patients with HCV-2/3 were treated for 6 or 12 months, and patients with HCV-1/4 were treated for 12 or 18 months.

RESULTS: Of 389 patients included in the trial, end-of-treatment response was achieved by 262 (67.3%): 106 with HCV-1 (55%), 137 with HCV-2/3 (90%), and 19 with HCV-4 (41%). Six patients were lost to follow-up after completing therapy. Of the remaining 256 patients, 62 (24%) relapsed: 33% of HCV-1 patients, 18% of HCV-2/3 patients, and 21% of HCV-4 patients. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, baseline serum HCV RNA level > or =500,000 IU/mL (relative risk [RR] = 4.81, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.52 to 15.22; P = 0.008) and lack of rapid virologic response, defined as undetectable HCV RNA level at week 4 (RR = 2.94, 95% CI: 1.22 to 7.09; P = 0.02) were the best independent predictors of HCV relapse. Use of concomitant antiretroviral therapy also predicted relapse (P = 0.04), and a trend toward a higher relapse rate was recognized for HCV genotypes 1 and 4 versus genotypes 2 and 3 (P = 0.08). Extended treatment did not result in a lower incidence of relapse, at least for HCV genotypes 2 and 3.

CONCLUSION: High baseline serum HCV RNA level and lack of undetectable viremia at week 4 are the most significant predictors of relapse in HCV/HIV-coinfected patients treated with peg-IFN plus weight-based RBV.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"