Repeated hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell mobilization without depletion of the bone marrow stem and progenitor cell pool in mice after repeated administration of recombinant murine G-CSF

Evert-Jan F M de Kruijf, Melissa van Pel, Henny Hagoort, Donnée Kruysdijk, Graham Molineux, Roel Willemze, Willem E Fibbe
Human Immunology 2007, 68 (5): 368-74
Administration of recombinant-human G-CSF (rhG-CSF) is highly efficient in mobilizing hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSC/HPC) from the bone marrow (BM) toward the peripheral blood. This study was designed to investigate whether repeated G-CSF-induced HSC/HPC mobilization in mice could lead to a depletion of the bone marrow HSC/HPC pool with subsequent loss of mobilizing capacity. To test this hypothesis Balb/c mice were treated with a maximum of 12 repeated 5-day cycles of either 10 microg rhG-CSF/day or 0.25 microg rmG-CSF/day. Repeated administration of rhG-CSF lead to strong inhibition of HSC/HPC mobilization toward the peripheral blood and spleen after >4 cycles because of the induction of anti-rhG-CSF antibodies. In contrast, after repeated administration of rmG-CSF, HSC/HPC mobilizing capacity remained intact for up to 12 cycles. The number of CFU-GM per femur did not significantly change for up to 12 cycles. We conclude that repeated administration of G-CSF does not lead to depletion of the bone marrow HSC/HPC pool.

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