Simultaneous determination of metformin and rosiglitazone in human plasma by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization: application to a pharmacokinetic study

Lu Zhang, Yuan Tian, Zunjian Zhang, Yun Chen
Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 2007 July 1, 854 (1): 91-8
A selective and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of metformin and rosiglitazone in human plasma using phenformin as internal standard (IS) has been first developed and validated. Plasma samples were precipitated by acetonitrile and the analytes were separated on a prepacked Phenomenex Luna 5u CN 100A (150 mm x 2.0 mm I.D.) column using a mobile phase comprised of methanol:30 mM ammonium acetate pH 5.0 (80:20, v/v) delivered at 0.2 ml/min. Detection was performed on a Finnigan TSQ triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer in positive ion selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode using electrospray ionization. The ion transitions monitored were m/z 130.27-->71.11 for metformin, m/z 358.14-->135.07 for rosiglitazone and m/z 206.20-->105.19 for the IS. The standard curves were linear (r(2)>0.99) over the concentration range of 5-3000 ng/ml for metformin and 1.5-500 ng/ml for rosiglitazone with acceptable accuracy and precision, respectively. The within- and between-batch precisions were less than 15% of the relative standard deviation. The limit of detection (LOD) of both metformin and rosiglitazone was 1 ng/ml. The method described is precise and sensitive and has been successfully applied to the study of pharmacokinetics of compound metformin and rosiglitazone capsules in 12 healthy Chinese volunteers.

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