Acute extradural haematoma in the elderly

A A Le Roux, S S Nadvi
British Journal of Neurosurgery 2007, 21 (1): 16-20
The world's population of persons over 65 years of age (elderly) is increasing. Acute extradural haematoma (AEDH) in the elderly is rare. There has not been a publication dedicated solely to the evaluation of AEDH in the elderly. We undertook this study in order to establish a clinical profile in this important subgroup. It took the form of a retrospective evaluation of the in-patient charts of elderly patients with AEDH, performed over a 23-year period (1983-2005) at a single institution. Of 3249 patients with AEDH, 32 (<1%) were defined as elderly. Assault was the commonest causative factor (56%), followed by falls (25%) and motor vehicle accidents (19%). Eight patients died (25% mortality). Only a third of patients, (34%) made a good outcome, the majority of these were assault victims. No patient in coma, or over 75 years made a good outcome. The prognosis of elderly patients with AEDH is poor. Conservative treatment for comatose patients and the over 75s is justified.

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